Tag Archives: Zambia

Great team for the Silozi Seed bank

 

I just spoke to Fredrick on May 7,2013 and he has completed the compost pit. He had to purchase manure so hopefully this compost will be enough to last for this year. The 2 metre x 1 metre pit is supposed to fill 8000 small black polythene tubes. He will start filling in the planting tubes with tree seeds this June. He has collected some himself but hopefully The Silozi Seed bank will start functioning soon and the participants will hand in a good variety of tree seeds.

Fredrick, Car & I

Fredrick, Carl & I

I must say that something is guiding me through all of this. So many things have happened and are falling into place it is amazing.

So I am very excited about our team.

We are in the process of setting up the non-profit charitable organization.

It is called S.E.E.D.S. Inc. which stands for Socio-Economic and Environmental Development Solutions.

Officially you need 3 Directors to start a non profit, therefore we have:

President-Joanne Hutchinson, owner Med Management, author.

Secretary-Ellena Andoniou, Ph.D Candidate, Geography, Western University.

Treasurer-Sorcha Kellett, Nutritionist/Dietitian(member I.N.D.I.)

I have met some amazing people and hooked up with old acquaintances that are helping this quest move forward quite nicely.

By chance I met Ellena’s mother who works at the Bank of Montreal near us through Carl’s parents. I was opening a US bank account and told her about my projects re the environment ie. my polar bear book and The Silozi Seed bank and Trees for Elephants.

Also by chance I met Sonny Cho who went to school with Carl and his sister Michelle. Sonny now is a fund raiser for Centennial College and he was looking for a hospitality/trade school in Africa to send students too. He was helping me learn the ins and outs of fund raising and sent me a brochure from western University. Well guess who’s picture was in the brochure? Ellena.

So I went back to the BMO and gave Ellena’s mom my email address for Ellena and the rest is history.

Then I was walking back from the grocery store and ran into Sorcha.

I hired and trained Sorcha how to use Quickbooks at a doctors office I worked at many years ago. We chatted as we walked and had a meeting the next day and now she is on board. Sorcha is a Nutritionist/Dietitian so she will be a great help with these projects.

As you all know I am saving seeds along with 4 friends. I also have the Sobey’s  near me,  Ingo, my next door neighbour who is a chef. My biggst supporter so far has been Frakin Catering . Darryl who owns Frakin Catering has saved so many seeds for me he is proving to me that this can work.http://frakin.com/.

Remember how I said earlier that I am so privileged as this is all falling into place.

Ellena is a Global Health Conference Co-Ordinator for SASA Scientific Committee & Editorial Board. SASA stands for The Society for the Advancement of Science in Africa (SASA) is hosting it’s inaugural conference The Advancement of Science in Africa and seeks to engage the international scientific community in finding paths towards strengthening the scientific and technological capacities of communities, schools, and institutions in Africa.

SASA ( South African Science Association) asked Ellena to come and speak at this years conference on April 25,2013. This was amazing to me as it was a less expensive way to get some seeds to Africa so Ellena kindly mailed from South Africa, over 15,000 seeds to Fredrick on May1,2013.

I sent sweet peppers, pomegranate, sunflower, cherry tomatoe,…

It only cost Ellena $21.00 to send them from South Africa and I have yet to mail them from Toronto so we shall see what it costs when I do.

That should give him a good start at handing out 100 seeds to each person. Therefore he can give 150 families 100 seeds each to start this project.

I will keep you posted as to how it all goes. As of today he has not recieved them yet. The mail system is really slow there as Mongu is 640K from the capital city Lusaka and I had to mail them to The Country Lodge as it had a proper address.

Here is the process for a batch of 43 pepper seeds I received from Ingo, the chef who lives next door. I have determined that it is best to take the seeds off the stem asap and lay them on the parchment paper. They tend to get slymy if you wait too long.

IMG_0511

drying on two sheets of parchment

drying on two sheets of parchment

IMG_0513

ended up over 10,000 seeds when dried

ended up over 10,000 seeds when dried

Thank you for your donation everyone!

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Gallery

I Can now imagine what it is like to not have running water.

This gallery contains 16 photos.

We are renovating our kitchen and my wonderful husband Carl has set me up a kitchen in our dining room. For those of you who do not know,  Carl is a carpenter. I would call him a Master carpenter but … Continue reading

Compost making in a hot climate

I am so excited!

We are well under way in Zambia.

Fredrick has finally got the computer and printer set up. I sent him the money to buy a computer so I could send him articles and instructions of how to grow many things. It probably would have been less expensive and a newer computer if I had bought it here but it was going to cost me more to send it than purchasing the computer.

He has printed off the step by step instructions on how to make a compost pit in a hot climate like Zambia. They certainly don’t waste anything over there as all of the food scraps, if there are any, would go to the dogs, chickens, oxen or cattle.

Growing-trees-under-Chitanthali-Malawi

This is a chicken proof stand to grow seedlings. Note the roof over head to give some relief from the hot sun and the chickens cannot steal the young plants.

This picture is compliments of Ripple Africa and so is the composting process which Fredrick is using in Zambia.

COMPOST MAKING

  • Compost: Compost needs to be made in April so that it is ready for tube filling in June

( compost can be ready for use in six weeks). Typically, compost should be made in pits

– a pit of 2 metres( 6 1/2 ft.)  long by 1 metre (3 ¼ ft) wide and I metre ( 3 ¼ ft) deep will produce enough compost for up to 8,000 small polythene tubes.

  • Compost making process: The first layer in the bottom of the pit is 10cm (4 inches) of forest or dambo soil. The second layer is 10cm (4 inches) of leaves or grass which should be compacted by walking on top of it. The third layer is 10 cm (4 inches) of manure. Except for the first layer, each layer should be watered with three watering cans of water before adding the next layer. These layers are then repeated in the same order until the pit is full. Normally. There will be three layers of each material in a 1 metre deep pit. The compost pit should be completed with a final 10cm (4inches) layer of soil which is compacted by walking on it, and the finished compost heap should be the same level as the surrounding ground.

Compost Layers

Final Layer- Dambo or forest soil 10cm
Manure 10cm
Leaves/grass 10cm
Dambo or forest soil 10cm
Manure 10cm
Leaves/grass 10cm
Dambo or forest soil 10cm
Manure 10cm
Leaves/grass 10 cm
Dambo or forest soil 10cm

Tube filling mix

Dambo soil 2 parts

Compost 2 parts

Sand 1 part

Compost provides the nutrients for the tree seedlings and vegetable seeds. This picture is also from Ripple Africa.org.

Mwaya-fruit-tree-nursery-Ripple-Africa

When the Road is done, they will come!

Here is a little video I have done from footage in Zambia when we were there in August 2012.

I was trying to relate this video to The Silozi Seed Bank and Trees for Elephants but was not thinking I would be making a short film when I was there so I am limited with my choice of footage.

Obviously the Elephants are my love and I think will keep tourism in Africa. If we can grow trees to sell to private and National parks, maybe we can save the Elephants, reforest the land, reduce erosion and create an income for the people.

There are no Elephants in Kalabo or Liuwa Plains National Park so it is a perfect place to grow the trees that Elephants love to eat. We will also grow chilies to sell as chilies are a deterrent to elephants raiding gardens.

Millions of acres of grasslands are burnt in Africa to kill ticks and encourage new growth for their cattle but it has devastating effects by putting carbon into the atmosphere and drying up the earth so natural watering holes are reduced. A more holistic approach is needed by mulching the grass and using it with cow manure to replenish the soil instead of burning off all of the goodness. It is hard work turning soil by hand to make a garden.

It is also necessary to plant gardens in areas close to water. People will walk miles to plant gardens and set up grass huts to live in while the gardens grow. Sweet potatoes grow well in Zambia.

This is a 1.17 minute piece of the road that took us 7 hours to cross from Mongu to Kalabo. We had a 4×4 CRV but it was low and we got stuck twice. Construction on this road started in 2011 and once completed will allow easier access from Mongu  to Kalabo and even on to Angola. This new traffic will increase trade and commerce for the area.

And finally the children. I hope that The Silozi Seed Bank will bring fresh vegetables to many villages so they will have better variety and nutrition for all.

The Silozi Seed Bank and Trees For Elephants

An older giraffe with darker spots

An older giraffe with darker spots.

Notice the light spots

Notice the light spots on a younger giraffe.

Hello everyone!

I hope you are not suffering from cabin fever too much this year.

Spring is around the corner!

Here is something to warm you up. Think Africa!

This blog is to tell you all about two new co-operative projects I have started.

The Silozi Seed Bank and Trees for Elephants.

I thought of the Trees For Elephants idea in August 2011 when I went to Zambia the first time and The Silozi Seed Bank this winter.

Since May 2011, I have been saving and drying seeds out of the vegetables I purchase for personal use. I have saved all pepper seeds, both hot & sweet, pumpkin, squash, tomatoe, all herbs, avacado and my latest trial seeds are pomegranate, plum, olive and date pits. Basically anything that will grow in hot climates.

How many of you remember saving, or still do save,  the tops of pop cans to buy someone a wheelchair. Well if you would, I would really appreciate it if you could dry and save seeds for me to take to Kalabo, Zambia. Also if you have any unused, return utility envelopes and washed out clear milk bags I need those as well.

Here is how it will work!

The Silozi Seed bank partners ( meaning you) will collect seeds, unused utility bill envelopes and washed used milk bags. Approximately 100 seeds will be handed out to each participant( Villager). Interest paid on those seeds will be 50 seeds.When interest is paid participants will receive 100 more seeds for planting. Participants must also attend a training session on cultivating, drying and propagating seeds for year round growth. Interest seeds may be from vegetables grown by participants or from fallen tree seeds around their compounds.(note: each green pepper has approximately 250 seeds).

I am hoping to start a Silozi Seed Bank mobile unit as well to reach those participants in rural areas and schedule revisits according to projected harvest.

Colalife, in Zambia has a wonderful idea to deliver Zinc Aid Pods  to remote areas by utilizing the Coca Cola delivery people. There is a huge incidence of child mortality due to diarrhea in Zambia and  Zinc and a salt/sugar combination will easily combat the diarrhea.These Aid Pods fit perfectly in between the coca cola bottles in the red crates. Check out their web site http://www.colalife.org.

I am hoping that I may squeeze a few seed packages of peppers into their Aid pods as they are high in vitamin A & C to help prevent blindness but that is a whole other story.

This is where Trees for Elephants comes in.

The tree seeds collected will then be used for the Trees for Elephants Program & Nursery.

Chaminuka Aug.2011

Chaminuka Aug.2011

Note the damage done to the trees by the Elephants.

Note the damage done to the trees by the Elephants.

Private Game parks have to take their Elephants to designated areas to eat the trees so they can monitor the losses.

Private Game parks have to take their Elephants to designated areas to eat the trees so they can monitor the losses.

I would like to have local people collect seeds of any trees but in particular the trees that Elephants eat.

Acacia

Sausage Tree

Baobab

Mukusi:

Mupapa:

Muwaka:

Musompa:

Kayimbi:

Mululu:

Mukwa:

Mango

Paw Paw ( papaya)

Marula

Neem

Jatropha

Moringa

I would like the villagers to collect ONLY the fallen seeds from around their compounds.

I will provide growing containers (where possible milk cartons), training and fertilizing techniques for the villagers to grow these seeds. Say 20 trees per family unit. I would also encourage them to plant trees in their own villages for shade to help stop global warming.

I will trade these seedlings with the villagers for vegetable seeds (The Silozi Seed Bank) and reissue containers to start the process over again.

I will then sell these potted trees to National Parks, Private Game Reserves and any tree planting organizations like Greenpop.org in order to sustain the program and cover costs of containers and distribution.

I will set up local people to run the program and just supervise the project via email and yearly visits to replenish the vegetable seeds. I know the seeds will grow there as I found out from Njamba’s family when Carl & I went in Aug. 2012.

I have many great contacts now in Kalabo to get this project up and running.

RippleAfrica.org has been a great inspiration and source of knowledge. Check out their web site. http://www.rippleafrica.org

Western province has the highest poverty levels in Zambia. About 80% of the population in the province is regarded as being poor and at least 70% of those in the poor category are women. Kalabo, 75km west of the capital city Mongu,  is basically cut off from Mongu except by water from November to May due to heavy rains which flood the Zambezi River onto the Barotse Flood Plains. November to January are lean months. Stored produce from the previous growing season is almost used up and in any case would need to be transported during the rainy season, while the new season’s crops and grasses are not yet productive, and at the same time fishing stops for the spawning season. Hunting and trapping animals, which might have filled the gap, is no longer available to most people, and trapping water birds is one of the few alternatives to buying flour.

In Zambia private Game Reserves and National Parks have declining numbers of trees to support Elephants. In Zambia I was told by a local that if there is not enough bush to support an Elephant, then they shoot the elephant.

If we can start to grow trees now maybe we can save the Elephant, create local economic trade and ensure tourist income for Africa.

Note: There are no elephants in Kalabo so there is no risk of the seedlings being eaten prior to transport.

I would also like to grow chilies to sell due to the fact that if planted around vegetable gardens they are a deterrent to elephants who raid gardens.

I am very fortunate to have found a new partner, Ellena Andoniou.

Ellena is currently a PhD candidate focusing on Global Health and Development and has an abundance of field experience planning, implementing and coordinating community-based probiotic food projects in Tanzania and Kenya.  She has an extensive background in HIV/AIDS, nutrition, community health, capacity building, community mobilization and project management.  Her research has allowed her to work closely with the National Institute for Medical Research in Tanzania, The Kenya Medical Research Institute, and other development and health-care organizations in the region.

Here are some more innovative ideas that I will let you know about in future blogs.

Use old world technologies to produce food year round and give incentive to plant trees which also benefit the environment

-grass covered fencing to grow seedlings

-build hand made brick water cisterns as done in Greece using gravity and a spigot not a pump to get water

-use fish feces as fertilizer, aquaponics.

-make clay toilet foot stands and when removed plant a tree in that spot

The extra income and variety of seeds will improve health, overall well being to the people of Kalabo and these models could potentially be used in many parts of Africa.

So if you have any seeds, envelopes and or milk bags, please let me know by leaving a comment and I will make arrangements to pick them up.

I have saved at least 5000 seeds this winter so far.

Keep warm and thanks, Joanne

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I can’t get Zambia out of my heart!

I sit here at my computer and old man winter is at our back door.

It is -19 degrees Celsius outside and probably -25 with the wind chill.

But when I come into my office I see the pictures of Africa on my 17″ screen saver and feel warm.

It has been quite a while since I have written a blog but it is time.

I thought I had accomplished what I had set out to do by paying for Njamba and his brother Kufuku ( Brian as he calls himself in the final video). I felt relieved and told Carl that I didn’t feel the need to go back to Kalabo. Then on the 25 hour flight home I couldn’t help thinking about building a school there. I spent those hours drawing up the plans.

I know, you probably think I am crazy. Carl did at first but he knows me.

My thinking is that once they build the road from Mongu to Kalabo there will be more traffic to Kalabo and even on to the now stable Angola. Angola has a plethora of natural resources just waiting to be cultivated.

Why not open a hospitality/trade school in Kalabo to teach people how to accommodate all of that traffic. That is what I know best. I was in the restaurant business for 20 years. The people there need to learn a skill to be self sufficient and they are keen to learn.

I am presently waiting to hear from the Ministry of Education in Zambia to see if I can open K.H.A.T.S ( Kalabo Hospitality And Trade School ) in the under used existing Kalabo High School.

I have attached the ROUGH draft of my plans and they keep growing. I am making great connections with people who may help this new dream come true.

Have a read if you like and let me know what you think.

If you know anyone who would like to help with this project I am all ears.

I am still not sure of the exact names for the non profit or the school/s so these may change.

This is what I sent to Fredrick as he will be the Head Master of the school.

E.S.Z.A= Economic Stability Zambia Africa – Name of the Non Profit Organization

M.H.A.T. S=Mongu Hospitality & Trade School

K.H.A.T.S.= Kalabo Hospitality & Trade School

CLASSES

Agriculture & Gardening

Composting-good soil production

Seeds-Harvesting, Growing from seed, seed protection stands/shelters

Crop Rotation

Crops- growing, drying, cleaning, bagging & selling

Irrigation-water retention- building holding tanks for water during rainy season out of cement block

Herbs-thyme, basil, sage, oregano, tarragon, Italian parsley, chives, garlic, rosemary.

Vegetables-sweet potatoes, white potatoes, yellow onions, green onions, beets, cabbage, lettuce, maize, sweet peppers, hot peppers, beef steak tomatoes. cherry tomatoes, squash, zucchini, eggplant, beans, legumes, quinoa, melons.

Trees, lime, lemon, orange, mango, pawpaw, papaya, the trees that elephants eat

We could have a market day twice a week to sell our vegetables

Sewing and Retail

Every student will have to learn to sew!

Each student will make one of the following for them selves and one to sell in the retail store on site. The retail store will ideally be located between the guest house and restaurant.

-Uniform: F-dress M-shorts & shirt

-Apron- to be worn while working in restaurant on site

-back pack-for carrying books & personal supplies

-utility bags for carrying groceries or what ever

-Hat- for working in the garden

-Pajamas- to wear to sleep F- nightgown M-Nightshirt

– Hoodie( jacket) for warmth

-Pillow-to sleep with

-chair cushions

-sheets-to sleep with

-Blanket- to sleep with

-tablecloth-one for restaurant and one to keep or gift for parents

-towel-for bathing

-napkins for restaurant

-clean cotton to stuff in pillows

-each student will make a name label for the items they are keeping and also a label with the schools name on it to put in the product we are selling.

Knitting and Croche’

-Knit- socks, scarves, hats, sweaters, baby blankets and full size blankets, tea cozies, baby toys

Quilting

-learn how to make quilted blankets and pillow covers for bedding

Laundry & Sanitation

Each student will wash their own clothing, linens. They will wash their own uniform daily and hang to dry in their room over night.

Each student will do a shift doing laundry for Guest House & Restaurant

Each student will learn how to wash floors, toilets, walls, proper sanitary procedures.

Learn how to make soap and environmentally safe cleaning supplies, ie ash, baking soda, vinegar, use old tooth brushes as cleaning tools.

Make brooms.

Car wash

-have a car wash facility to earn extra income

Security& Landscaping

-we will combine this class so the guards have some thing to do rather than just stand around

-each student will take turns on security, girls included

-there will always be at least 8 people on security at all times

-we will train some dogs as well and have a cat for mice.

-tree planting

-animal husbandry- looking after the chickens, ducks, geese, goats

-maintain fences

Accounting & Computers- Lubasi

-each student will learn how to do basic accounting

-each student will learn how to use a computer- Word (Typing), email, internet search

( Google, Yahoo, Internet Explorer)

-each student will learn basic costing of items to make a profit when selling items

-food cost, inventory, income & expenses

-basic bookkeeping

-math

-draw fake money to use for practice in restaurant

English

-there will be an English class but only English will be spoken in the classroom, including the guest house & restaurant.

Cooking

-students will learn how to cook low cost healthy meals for the students & restaurant

-learn food preparation, hygiene, proper food temperatures to avoid bacteria, food cost,

-saving seeds for re planting

-inventory & storage

-drying and storing herbs-put in jars to sell in retail store

-meals samples

-curried rice, rice pilaf, corn bread, bread, vegetable stir fry, omelets, tortillas,etc.

Woodworking & Carpentry

  • – the students will build tables & chairs for the restaurant and to sell
  • – cashiers stand in restaurant
  • – server stand in restaurant
  • – hand washing stand
  • – also bunk beds for the dormitory and guest house
  • – double beds for guest house
  • – bed side tables for residents & guest house
  • – prep table for kitchen
  • – shelves for kitchen storage
  • – shelves for retail store
  • – sheds for animals
  • – shed for garden tool storage
  • – shade covers for seedlings
  • – stall to sell vegetables
  • – fencing
  • – an outdoor covered area for out door classes for gardening
  • – students would learn the basics of carpentry using hand tools
  • – safety

Art, Painting & Signage

-paint signs

-varathane signs

-paint big seeds to sell with school name on them

-paint school walls

-varathane furniture

-paper mache art to sell

-possible painting material, table cloths, napkins, curtains

Electrical

-Learn the basics of electrical

-computer cables

-solar power

Plumbing

-toilet installation & repair

-repair taps

-make outdoor molds for toilets, then plant a tree on top

-build water reservoirs to collect water during rainy season

-basic plumbimg

-fish fertilization system

-irrigation

Restaurant

-students will learn to set tables, serve guests, clear tables, do dishes, give customer the bill, collect money( using the fake money), give proper change,

-write menus

-inventory

-portion size for food cost

– clean restaurant

-opening and closing procedures

-napkin folding, silverware roll ups.

-there will be a cashier handling all of the real money who will start with a float and count the cash brought in at the end of their shift.

Guest House

  • – there will hopefully be a 10 room guest house
  • – students will learn how to run a guest house
  • – cleaning, making beds, refilling soap, coffee supplies
  • – insect control
  • – purchasing items needs to run a guest house
  • – collecting payments( using fake money), invoicing

I am not sure of all the details but the idea is that the facility would be self sufficient.

I might have someone to invest in this project but I have to know the costs first before I speak to them further.

I would like to have 50 girls & 50 boys

There would be an entrance fee equivalent to one 50lb bag of rice, ie tomatoes, maize, vegetables, cotton, chickens, goat, fish, sweet potatoes etc.

We would need the entrance fee for start up to feed all of the students.

Possible Additional Training-Extra curricular activities

-Set up a day care, pre school for the neighbourhood

-choir

-sports-football team, running club, volley ball, badminton

-fish fertilizer programe

-cement water tanks, rain barrels

-paper mache crafts

-get community involved, seed production, adult literacy, planting trees

Items needed

  • – a pick up truck
  • – a trailer would also be good to pull behind the truck to bring supplies
  • – wood working & gardening tools
  • – dishes ,cutlery, pots & pans, utensils for restaurant
  • – two large refrigerators, maybe three
  • – two large freezers, maybe three
  • – cooking stove
  • – outside BBQ
  • – fabric and thread supplier
  • – wool supplier
  • – notebook and school supplies
  • – office supplies
  • – garden seed container supplier
  • – cement block supplier to build cisterns to hold water during rainy season
  • – plumbing supplier
  • – 5 computers
  • – 5 sewing machines- we may have to start sewing by hand
  • – large bins to make composters and catch rain water
  • – electricity
  • – indoor plumbing
  • – a building to facilitate
    •  student residence 26 rooms with bunk beds- 4 to a room
    •  two rooms with only two students who are student monitors
    •  guest house-10 rooms with double bed & two bunk beds in each room
    •  5 rooms for teachers-double bed( sewing, gardening, Carpentry, cooking, restaurant)
    •  1 room for me with double bed and one set of bunk beds for guest teachers from Canada
    •  1 room for Frederick ( Operations Manager) with double bed and if you want one set of bunk beds
    •  1 room for Lubasi ( Accounts manager/teacher)with double bed and set of bunk beds
    •  1 room for Kufuku( Security/ landscaping Manager) dbl bed & bunk beds
    •  1 room for Njamba( assist Lubasi/teacher)- he is good at math
    •  restaurant- 20 tables
    •  retail store
    •  kitchen facilities
    •  laundry facilities
    •  shed to store gardening tools including, pots & seed starter bags for growing
    •  housing for chickens, ducks, guinea fowl, geese
    •  housing for goats
    •  shed to store feed for animals
    •  outdoor covered area for classes
    •  sewing room
    •  car wash area
    •  4-5 class rooms

Lumber Mill

We may also plan to have a lumber mill and send the students to work at the mill.

This is not my area or expertise so I will leave that to you Frederick to look into what we would need and what the start up costs would be.

The only thing I request if we cut trees to mill that we plant two for every one we cut down.

This is the basic plan that I am sure will grow as we think of things we could do.

As I said before it will not happen quickly.

We have to get you a computer so you and I can communicate more easily.

I can get one in Canada for about $450.00 CND or 2.5 million KW but it will cost me $621.00CND or 3.2 million KW approximately to send it by DHL.

Therefore I don’t know if it is better to just wire you the money and you can buy a decent one that works well.

I have to raise the money to do that. I only work part time and I have lost some work recently. I just applied for three positions yesterday so maybe something will come up.

I also have to look into how to start a Non Profit Organization. I will let you know how that goes. Apparently I need a board of directors and they will make all of the decisions.

I hope you and your family are well!

All the best

Joanne

PS. If you can think of a better name for the Non profit organization I would be happy to hear it. Maybe some thing with Barotseland, Western Province or Silozi?

Additional Thoughts

-we could make a brick coal or wood oven to bake bread etc.

Arts & Crafts

-we will need to make our own signs

    • • Market days & times
    • • Retail store
    • • Boat and bus to market
    • • Furniture for sale
    • • Class room signs

-we can make guava jam, peanut butter and mango chutney

-make cotton mattresses for the beds

-make candles & holders

-bags for people to carry what they purchase

-people can trade goods for product ie food, fish, etc.

The trees that elephants eat.

I know you must think I am crazy but we need to start all the villages west of Mongu planting the trees that elephants eat.

If we put them in pots and when they are about 1 foot high we can take them and sell them to all of the private safari lodges and National Parks who have elephants and plant them in an area that has been stripped of trees.

With out elephants you don’t have tourism.

Western Province does not have elephants west of Mongu so the trees would be safe from Elephants stealing them.

If you plant hot peppers near the trees you are trying to grow the elephants will stay away as they don’t like hot peppers. We can sell them too.

So Frederick we need to start collecting the seeds NOW to plant these trees.

Lumber Mill

Carl thinks it would be best to have a portable mill but this will only do shorter pieces of wood less than 20 feet long. That way we can keep the mill safe by the school and take orders for wood.

We have to look into this because the wood has to age/cure after it is cut so it will not warp. It will probably be faster in Zambia because it is dry there in winter. We will also need a storage facility to keep it dry in the rainy season. Lots to plan, research and think about!

In Canada a portable saw mill costs approximately $23000.00. It is best to fell the trees from December to Feb when it is cold so the sap is down in the roots and then the trees dry more quickly.

Then you mill them in March & April and they cure and are ready to use in  July –November.

I have been in touch with Fredrick by text but it is hard to plan a school that way.

Victoria Fall-V.S.-Niagara Falls

Sorry I know I said I was done that series but Carl’s cousin Debs asked how the two compared and I was responding to her so I thought I would share with all.

Thanks Debs!

Here are all of our pictures from VictoriaVictoria Falls and they too do not do it justice. When we were there the water was really low as it was the dry season Aug.24-26/2012 and they take some of the water from the river to run government projects. Not quite sure what but the water was lower than the year before. Some seasons you might as well just wear you’re bathing suit as you get soaked just walking around.
Plus you are a lot closer to these falls that Niagara. There are many open areas with fences so it can be very scary.
Baboon’s everywhere
 The bridge is where they bungi jump from and the bridge goes to Zimbabwe.
 See our shadow on the skinny bridge
 That is also Zimbabwe where you see the small people standing on the edge.

  It is also different in that you walk all along these paths to see different views. It is really cool and definitely not the tourist trap shopping like Niagara.

  The Boys Brigade from the Catholic Church of Zambia who sang for us were all down in the river and the security guard told them all to get out of the water.

  Mr Livingstone statue.

 I went off to sit at a picnic table to have a rest and Carl continued around a corner to see what was there.
 these are the pictures he got that I didn’t see.
He came back to the picnic table and I asked him if he had been eating some berries.
He said no. There was a young couple around the bend and he turned quickly to avoid embarrassment and face planted a thorn bush!
Well, sorry but I couldn’t stop laughing. In between my bouts I did manage to say that I hoped they were not poisonous. I gave him one of my benedrill from my swollen face and he was fine in an hour.

  Carl asked this gentleman if he could have his picture taken with him. His response was that he would like some food. I said “Oh I am sorry I didn’t bring any food” Carl gave me a look knowing my sometimes naive personality and smiled. Then I went OH! and gave him 20,000kw, about 4usd.

 Carl got his pictures.

  We then walked through The Zambezi SUn ( Hotel) grounds and had lunch by the pool. It was great. These room start at about 600usd/night I think

 Then we got on the free shuttle bus and went to sit on the patio of The Royal Livingstone. I think theses rooms about 800usd a night to start.

  The views of the spray going over the edge of the river were great. I didn’t have a 14usd Margarita this time.

  Carl’s parent’s had been to Livingstone probably 30 years ago and I was trying to find the hotel they stayed it. I think we determined it had been torn down, but this was a nice place

  Then we went to watch the sun go down at The Waterfront Cafe and met the resident cat. he hung out with us most of the time we were there.

Then back to Green Tree Lodge as Carl loved the food Andrew cooked.

We had a nice dinner and off to bed! Goodnight!